The House of Daum was founded in 1878 and has been linked to the École de Nancy. The founders, Jean Daum and his two sons started with the Art nouveau movement. The company has since then been crafting world-renowned led crystal using rare and ancient techniques. The unusual use of pâte de verre makes their pieces unique and colourful. Over the years, they have collaborated with famous artists from Majorelle to Dali, Arman and McConnico. This collaboration has given birth to exclusive crystal sculptures, which has allowed them to create an exceptional collection. Moreover, every single Daum crystal piece has its own individuality, as it is entirely hand made.
Baccarat is a French manufacturer of fine crystal glassware located in Baccarat, France. The company was founded in 1764 only after receiving the seal of approval of the then King of France, Louis XV. They first started producing windowpanes, mirrors and stemware. Then they went on creating millefiori paperweights, quality stemware, chandeliers, barware, and perfume bottles. In the 19th century, Baccarat built a worldwide reputation for creatingz pieces that were exported to Japan, India, and Istanbul. In 1993, the company started making jewellery. They always found a way to keep up with times, fashions and artistic movements. Owning a piece of Baccarat, definitely gives a sense of owning a piece of history and appreciating the craftsmanship behind each item.
In around 1880, René Lalique started as a jeweller. In less than 10 years he became a very well know jewellery designer in Paris. He also worked with glass, which is why the famous perfume company Coty commissioned him perfume bottles. René Lalique, Art Nouveau master jeweller, was to become an Art Deco master glassmaker When René Lalique died in 1945, his son Marc Lalique took over the business, operating initially as “M. Lalique” and later as “Cristal Lalique”. Under Marc’s leadership, the company transitioned from producing its famous Lalique Glass to producing lead glass, commonly known as crystal. Today, Lalique produces an array of luxury products in five main categories: jewellery, decorative items, interior design, perfumes, and art.
Daniel Swarovski, formerly David Swartz, was the son of a glass cutter in Bohemia, where he became skilled in the art of class-cutting. In 1892, he invented and patented a revolutionary electric cutting machine, using hydro-electricity, that was used in the production of crystal glass. This allowed crystals to be cut more precisely than by hand.